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WCF.M1.L10 - World Christian Foundations Study Guide

Objectives: To be able to...
  • Compare the four mysteries in terms of suddenness of origin.
  • Evaluate the evidence for the belief that intelligent evil is at work in all aspects of Creation, including civilizations.
  • Describe your current understanding of the literary structure of the book of Genesis.

  • Introduction
  • Winter, ed: WCF Module One Study Guide and Lesson Overviews
  • 36-37Lesson 10 Introduction

  • General
  • Ross: The Genesis Question
  • 173-188Origin of Nations and Races: Genesis 9–11

  • Christian: Maps of Time
  • 283-316 Long Trends in the Era of Agrarian “Civilizations” Note at the end of this selection the role of disease, famine, and warfare as linked to urbanization. Compare this with the WCF Core Idea that "Creation at all levels was corrupted by intelligent evil."

  • Smart, ed: Sacred Texts of the World
  • 33-34The Powerful Dead: A Lamentation Over the Destruction of Ur

  • Alphabet Makers
  •  Hebrew

  • Partridge, ed: Introduction to World Religions
  • 10-14McCutcheon: What is Religion?

  • O’Brien: Oxford Atlas of World History
  • 28-30The First Civilizations: Mesopotamia and the Indus Region 4000-1800 BC

  • McNeill: A World History
  • 3-6Review Part One Introduction
  • 27-35Egyptian Civilization through The Indus Civilization

  • Winter, ed: WCF Module One Study Guide and Lesson Overviews
  • 38-39Lesson 10 Review

  • Inductive Bible Study
  • Snodderly, ed: WCF Degree Study Programs: All Module Reader
  • 7Graham: The Inductive Method of Study, Inductive Bible Study Syllabus: Part II, C5: Chapter Titles: Genesis 37-50 inductive study

  • Optional
  • Mandryk: Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide for Every Nation 7th Edition
  • 405-408India
  • 434-436India: Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland
  • 418India
Personal Response, Intellectual Journal, Notes


Boorstin: The Creators

79-90 Castles of Eternity

153-163 Human Hieroglyphics

Ross: The Genesis Question

189-194 Dispelling Myths About Genesis


Hebrew Lessons

Hebrew 10

Fourth Mystery: Where did civilizations come from? How did they begin?

From what we have been able to discover about the early endeavors of true Homo sapiens, there do not seem to be gradually more sophisticated precursors to the high (“archaic”) civilizations. Rather they seem to appear suddenly as an already complicated social reality.

What we do find, however, is the opposite, namely, a gradual decline in almost every case. That is, the people who built the Stonehenge monument were more sophisticated than those who centuries later added huge monoliths in trying to “repair” it. The Sumerian civilization was already 800 years in decline at the time of Abraham. The story of Egypt is a story of decline since there is no story building up to the place where they could figure out how to make the incredibly precise pyramids—which appear at the beginning of their history. The Indus Valley displays advanced civilization at its earliest point. The Aztecs, the Incas, each had more advanced civilizations behind them.

Within this mystery is the demonic element. The ancient civilizations buried alive hundreds of people with their god-kings. Human sacrifice and violence were central to the ancient sophisticated civilizations.

Reflection Questions
  • In your readings, look for phrases such as “dramatic,” “revolutionary,” “tantalizing problem,” “happening…at great speed,” “most surprising,” “appeared so suddenly, perished just as mysteriously,” “a long decline.” How do these compare with what you studied in the previous lesson?

  • How do the four “mysteries” thus far compare in terms of suddenness of origin?

  • What evidence do you see in your readings to support the interpretation of history as a cosmic struggle?

  • What patterns do you see developing in the literary structure of the book of Genesis?