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WCF.M2.L70 - World Christian Foundations Study Guide

Objectives: To be able to...
  • Summarize the contributions of several ancient cultures to the development of mathematics and science.
  • Explain the meaning of Chinese ancestor cult practices and compare them with methods of honoring deceased family members in other cultures.
  • Discuss the relationship between kinship systems and other facets of culture in diverse societies.

  • Introduction
  • Winter, ed: WCF Module Two Lesson Overviews
  • 279-286Lesson 70 Introduction

  • General
  • Winter, ed: WCF Program: Classical World Reader
  • 393-396 Emery: History of Mathematics
  • 397-410Boehr: How We Met the Ancestor Worship Problem among the Hakka Speaking Chinese in Taiwan

  • Moreau, ed: Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions
  • 542-543Kinship

  • Wang: “The Rise of Modern Historical Consciousness: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Eighteenth Century East Asia and Europe”
  • 74-95Journal of Ecumenical Studies (Winter/Spring 2003) 15 {i.e.40}, 1/2 ATLA Religion Database

  • Williams: “A Unity of Pattern in the Kami Tradition: Orienting ‘Shinto’ within a Context of Pre-Modern and Contemporary Ritual Practice”
  • 34-47Journal of Ritual Studies (2000) 14,2 ATLA Religion Database

  • Smith: “Christianity and Ancestor Practices in Hong Kong: Toward a Contextual Strategy”
  • 27-38Missiology (January 1989) 17,1 ATLA Religion Database

  • Wright: “Same Differences”
  • 21-25The New Republic (March 27, 2000) 222,13 Wilson Select Plus Database
    Searching for the article, type in the title and the journal (i. e., “same differences, new republic”) in the “Search for” field.

  • O’Brien: Oxford Atlas of World History
  • 52-53Eurasian Trade 150 BC- 500 AD
  • 44-45The Birth of World Religions 1500 BC- 600 AD

  • Winter and Hawthorne, eds.: Perspectives on the World Christian Movement (4th edition)
  • 653-656#106 Chua: Evangelization of the Whole Families

  • Winter, ed: WCF Module Two Lesson Overviews
  • 286-289Lesson 70 Review

  • Optional
  • Mandryk: Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide for Every Nation 7th Edition
  • 230-231China: Fujian
  • 258-262Taiwan
Personal Response, Intellectual Journal, Notes

Assignments (continued)

Optional (cont.)

Porras: “Doing Theology in a Chinese Context”

53-65 IJFM (1987) 4

See IJFM Archives at, or the hard copy, if available.

Yuan and Mitchell: “Land of the Walking Marriage”

58-65 Natural History (November 2000) 109,9

Wilson Select Plus Database

Wei, Jianzhong, and Stuart: “The Xunhua Salar Wedding”

31-76 Asian Folklore Studies (1999) 58,1

Wilson Select Plus Database

Reflection Questions
  • Thales and Pythagoras apparently received much of their knowledge from Egypt, where it may have come from Babylon and India. The same may be said of Euclid. Discuss and give specific examples of the historical importance of the borrowing of mathematical, as well as technological ideas.

  • Do you think there are incompatibilities between the Chinese ancestor cult and biblical teachings? If so, what functional substitutes would you suggest might be used instead?

  • In cultures having organized descent groups, indicate the role of these kinship groups vis-à-vis (a) society as a whole, (b) family life, and (c) interpersonal relations. How can an understanding of kinship assist cross-cultural workers in such cultures?