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WCF.M4.L17 - World Christian Foundations Study Guide

Objectives: To be able to...
  • Discuss potential contributions and problems of development work at national and local levels.
  • Explain methods of enhancing grassroots participation in development efforts.
  • Analyze reasons for the growth of African independent churches.

  • Introduction
  • Winter, ed: WCF Module Four Study Guide and Lesson Overviews
  • 68-69Lesson 17 Introduction

  • General

  • Development at the Grassroots
  • Moreau, ed: Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions
  • 272-273Development
  • 817-818Relief Work

  • Woodberry, ed: Muslims and Christians on the Emmaus Road
  • 85-102#5 Mensah: Holistic Ministry Among the Poor

  • The Foreword points out that Newbigin confirms the need to equip ministers who can enable grassroots participation in mission.
  • Newbigin: The Gospel in a Pluralist Society
  • vii-ixForeword

    See if you agree or disagree with this position on grassroots efforts.
  •  Harries: The Immorality of Aid to the “Third World”

  • Health

  • Skim these selections to get acquainted with these very practical resources for people working where medical care is limited. Hesperian Foundation, which publishes these resources, also makes available at low cost other practical books on health care, some in different languages.
  • Winter, ed: WCF Program: Module Four Reader
  •  17A Werner: Where There Is No Doctor
  •  17B Werner & Bower: Helping Health Workers Learn

  • Independent Grassroots Churches
  • Moreau, ed: Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions
  • 43-44African Initiated Church Movement

  • Look especially at the house church movement in China under communism – another grassroots movement.
  • Lambert: The Resurrection of the Chinese Church
  • 1-8ch. 1 Introduction: Tiananmen Square
  • 9-25ch. 2 The Church During the Cultural Revolution

  • Winter and Hawthorne, eds.: Perspectives on the World Christian Movement (4th edition)
  • 601-606#95 Voorhies: Transformational Development

  • Samuel, ed.: Mission as Transformation
  • 392-409Christian Relief and Development Agencies in the Twenty First Century
  • 410-427Children at Risk

  • Winter, ed: WCF Module Four Study Guide and Lesson Overviews
  • 70-72Lesson 17 Review

  • Inductive Bible Study
  • Snodderly, ed: WCF Degree Study Programs: All Module Reader
  • 356Global Teams: Module 4 Global Teams Inductive Bible Study Guidelines: Study I: Applying the Word
Personal Response, Intellectual Journal, Notes

Assignments (cont.)


A useful tool for doing village medicine is found in the books: Village Medical Manual by Mary Vanderkool (2 volume set) available from

Mandryk: Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide for Every Nation, 7th Edition

739-743 Sierra Leone

Reflection Questions
  • Is development work useful or harmful when done at the macro (e.g., national) level? at the local grassroots level? Which level, if any, should missions encourage?

  • What are some methods and techniques to help encourage grassroots ownership of development projects?

  • What are some advantages and disadvantages of membership in an independent church as compared to in a mission-related or “historical” church? What reasons would you give for the growth of African independent churches?